The Executive Board went along with the purge. The now explicit factions influenced ongoing organizing in the Imperial Valley, where six companies had not signed contracts. The three men arrested for the killing were free on bail within hours. So ultimately the survival of the staff was not tied directly to membership. In short, they proposed to shift the staffers from voluntary poverty, which only white middle-class people could entertain and which kept knowledgeable farmworkers with families to support away, to a decent minimum with the accoutrements of what at that time was still considered a normal benefit package. The strike lasted three and a half weeks.
It's a truism that centralized power is very good for initiating things when they're small but bad for sustaining things as they get larger, as the decisiveness and speed of the central authority starts making more and more mistakes and slides into sclerosis; Bardacke is brilliant at showing how Chavez's refusal to give any but a small inner circle of devoted associates and relatives any real power in the organization doomed it into its current state of irrelevance. Two thousand people joined a strike caravan, intending to shut down the fields. Larry Itliong married six times in all; his son was 2 years old when his parents divorced. In New York, there was an unofficial hot cargo campaign by seafarers. And he reiterated his opposition to any extension of the strike. Cesar Chavez speaks at Union Square Aug.
In the first two weeks enough workers struck to slow production. He told Bustamante that he could not help him and that the paid reps were on their own. Bardacke also provides perceptive critiques of influences on him, from the Catholic Church through the organizing mantras of Saul Alinsky; and how Chavez used these doctrines to shape his own world-view. Chavez pressured the legal staff to downsize, and became estranged from its long-time head, Jerry Cohen. At the time, Chavez knew that the Southern civil rights movement was getting support from Northern liberals, which was very important to its success. But one day another veteran union militant and field rep was invited to a one-on-one meeting with Chavez.
The politics were extremely interesting. At the book's core are the men and women who pick the crops in California's fields and orchards. When they were working together, they were a very powerful force; and when in opposition, the union came undone. It was the successor to various earlier plans, including the incorporation of Synanon methods. It made money off contributions, donations and government subsidies. Bardacke paints 3-D pictures of the characters to emphasize that history is not just class confrontation, but also dialogue and debate, anger and frustration: the intellectual and emotional components of class struggle.
He claimed they weakened the union because they loomed as strikebreakers. Confrontation with La Paz intensified and the reps wanted the union, with all its money, to hire competent people to run the plan. Both the union and the growers used vandalism of property in the struggle. Trampling Out the Vintage is the authoritative account of the rise and fall of the United Farm Workers and its most famous and controversial leader, Cesar Chavez. Chavez called off the strike, arguing that it would be won through the boycott and the ballot box.
He was proud of his background. Bradacke cites examples of how he actually ousted and even blacklisted some potential leaders who defied his authority. For one thing, in grapes people worked on big crews but were paid in small groups. These newer studies examine the later 1970s and into the 1980s. He wanted disciples…People like Mario Bustamante could not be integrated into the union staff without changing the nature of the whole enterprise. In late spring 1972, Chavez began a fast against a particularly reactionary piece of anti-farmworker legislation in Arizona. Bardacke examines internal union struggles, and those within Chavez himself.
In the mid 1960s a nascent union of field workers transformed themselves into moral guideposts for middle class liberals as well as the first media magnet for Mexican Americans. Thompson or Peter Linebaugh quality. Together they organized a sector of the middle class: not to buy grapes. His now celebrated teatro campesino employed enormously talented field workers and barrio residents to teach lessons through drama and song. When they returned to Delano after publicizing the strike and raising money, Chavez told them they were out. A vivid rendering of farm work and the world of the farm worker, Trampling Out the Vintage is a dramatic reappraisal of the political trajectory of Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers and an essential re-evaluation of their most tumultuous years.
The trend had begun with the municipal union bailout of New York City. Catholic Action derived from the papal encyclical De Rerum Novarum of 1891, in which the church consciously set out to counter the rise of socialism and anarchism with its own orientation to social problems, resulting in the Christian-influenced unions and Christian Democratic political parties still present today in many countries. They had to leave right then, in front of the crowd. It is these workers who are the heroes of Bardacke's bookworkers whose leadership was essential to the union's success, and whose betrayal contributed to its eventual demise. Everybody served at the pleasure of Cesar Chavez and the executive board. The fields where a place where people built successful lives. Eric Brazil, a retired reporter, covered farm labor issues in California for more than 30 years.