However, index updates cause an overhead as each copy of the sequence set has to be updated. Depending upon the update status, a new record is inserted or the current record is replaced. Since sequential processing only uses the sequence set, then replicate is of no value for sequential processing. This gives the program access to everything simultaneously. Otherwise, you must either update or erase the record to complete the operation. There should be 3 or fewer index levels.
That is also the order in which they are searched. However, the file remains open and processing may continue. There is also a considerable investment in resources required, both human and machine time. Deleted record slots can be reused, but you cannot have AlXes or spanned records. The costs of assigning additional buffers and providing for concurrent operations on data sets are the additional virtual and real storage that is required for the buffers and control blocks.
Is this work being done at some training institute or on-the-job. File Allocation Use of Cylinders Whenever possible use cylinders for data. This is the cluster name. Better value can be obtained from the judicious choice of buffers. Tuning consists of providing a satisfactory level of service from a system at an acceptable cost. Alternate keys do not have to be unique, whereas primary keys do.
One item that can have a very negative impact on performance is the use of multi-level aliases up to 4 levels. Only effective if the data set is currently closed. . Remember it pays to take a top down approach and to change the simple and often obvious things first. Be certain that backups and restores are synchronized though. If so, it may not have to issue the read. In general, you get more self-tuning effects by running with one large pool, but it is possible to isolate busy files from the remainder or give additional buffers to a group of high performance files by using several pools.
This puts ranges of keys and the data on certain packs. It is used to access files by merely using their name. Does each student create new files for their project s or are existing files to be used? For keyed records, this includes the key. If on-the-job, the cics support people will know how this is done on your system. Someone who supports the training has to know this. Judicious use of certain parameters can cause a major variation in performance seen and can lead to dramatic improvements in response time.
Surname instead of social security number. This is no longer a default as current technology is far superior to the 2314s it was initially designed to work on. You don't actually need to now how that happens to be able to use them. This is extremely useful for data sets with a high locality of reference and high read activity. Thus records cannot be deleted or inserted without recreating the data set. A low value record is better.
Whenever a file is allocated to a program to be accessed, it is normally the cluster that is allocated. This is only effective for files accessed via full key direct reads. If only data buffers are specified, only one set of buffers are built and used for both data and index records. If you only have a Trainer, then you have to accept some things. Miscellaneous Options and Parameters Erase Overwrites the data set with binary zeroes when it is deleted.
Also the use of multiple pools eases the restriction of 255 strings for each pool. Seed Records Do not initialize files with a high value record as this has been shown to cause many splits. Each level contains pointers to the next lowest level until the sequence set. Each higher level index is written as often as possible on a track. If using this option the index should be allocated in cylinders and imbed should also be used. There are two types of Hiperbatch Hiperspaces - retained and non-retained, each one having its own method of population and deactivation. The rest of this section reviews these and the following sections summarize the various related parameters of file control.
Then the desired record is transferred to a buffer or work-area for the program to use. If there are a lot of splits it is important to reorganize the files to reduce the seek activity as logical and physical order will no longer be the same. The In-Storage catalog mechanism within the Catalog Address Space is now optional and can be activated and deactivated via the modify command. Normally, you must first read the record to be updated and then replace it. The general recommendation is that Replicate should rarely be used and then only with Imbed. Remember to increase region size if using buffering or your programs will abend. It increases the time required for a delete and should only be used where absolute security is needed.