Nonetheless, as a pioneer and educator, his intent was to highlight general trends, thus this simplification may have had significant justification for Fei's intent, even if they contributed to a bias in studies of Chinese society and culture. Among Fei Xiaotong's contributions to anthropology is the concept that work through social networks of personal relations with the self at the center and decreasing closeness as one moves out. Many of the themes were familiar. His world was one plagued with political corruption and abject poverty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.
Park, the University of Chicago sociologist. He played a role in promoting and directing the reestablishment of sociology and anthropology in China, training scholars and developing teaching materials after thirty years of prohibition. His influence is thought to have been important in convincing the government to promote rural industry, whose rapid growth in the 1980s raised the income of hundreds of millions of villagers all over China. Biographical Dictionary of Republican China. Founded in the 1940s by Karl Mannheim, the series became the forum for pioneering research and theory, marked by comparative approaches and the identification of new directions in sociology, publishing major figures in Anglo-American and European sociology, from Durkheim and Weber to Parsons and Gouldner, and from Ossowski and Klein to Jasanoff and Walby.
Beijing: New World Press, 1986. Her brothers include Chinese politician Yang Qianli father of Hong Kong director and lyricwriter , Architect Yang Xiliu S. Among the criticisms of Fei Xiaotong's work is that his work tended to ignore regional and historical variations in Chinese behavior. New York: Columbia University Press. An important work of the period, China's Gentry, was compiled from Fei's field interviews, and was published in the United States in 1953.
Fei Xiaotong is also known for his influential theory on , which follows the tradition of 's stage-developmental evolutionism. He was made vice president in 1951 of the Central Institute for Nationalities in Beijing today, , and in 1954 attended the First National People's Congress as a member of the Nationalities Affairs Commission. His last post before his death in 2005 was as Professor of Sociology at. He recounted what he had learned from his trips abroad, and made some new translations from English. Virtually every week in the 1990s his name was in the newspapers and his face on television.
This is a ; the is. University of Chicago Press, 1945. According to Fei, the became a true ethnic group, the , during the. He devised survey methods which incorporated the. At the height of the , physically attacked by , forced to clean toilets, he contemplated suicide. He visited the United States again and was subsequently able to arrange the visits to China of American social scientists to help with the gigantic task of training a whole new cadre of Chinese sociologists. He reminisced about his village fieldwork, his studies, and his teachers.
. He repeatedly and forcefully set forth the case for sociology and anthropology in China if modernization were to succeed. Twenty-three years of his life, he would later write, years that should have been his most productive period, were simply lost, wasted. Routledge and New York: Dutton, 1939, and various reprints and a Japanese translation. There was even a little book of his poetry. Fei no longer taught, and published less and less. Virtually all of his old books were republished during these years, and he turned out new books and articles in even greater quantity.
He grew up in a gentry but yet not wealthy family. A memorial has been set up in the Department of at the university, where he has taught and directed since the 1980s. Young , Chinese-American animator , and entrepreneur Yang Xiren. He was Professor of Sociology at at the time of his death on April 24, 2005 in Beijing at the age of 94. There were articles and books on rural industrialization, small towns, national minorities, and developing frontier areas. Fei became an outcast, humiliated, isolated, unable to teach, do research, or publish. Translated as From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society, U.
Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the people's Republic 2 ed. It went on to become a staple of American university courses on China. David Arkush, Fei Xiaotong and Sociology in Revolutionary China. One of China's finest and , his works on these subjects were instrumental in laying a solid foundation for the development of sociological and anthropological studies in China, as well as in introducing social and cultural phenomena of China to the international community. He championed the cause of intellectuals. Fei Xiaotong and Professor Maurice Bloch, 1986 His 'second life' was more than ever that of the public intellectual, with important political posts and contact with policy makers. What is different in all this new writing is political caution; Fei had too much to do and too little time in these last decades to risk playing with fire again.
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